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Old 05.10.2006, 16:49   #1
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Default Америка которую мы потеряли

Quote:
THE REVOLUTION OF 1913
by Addison Wiggin

Readers of this book will scarcely have given any thought to the fact that
they have never lived in the system of government argued for by Madison,
Jay, and Hamilton in the Federalist Papers. "It may come as a shock . . ."
wrote John Flynn, "to be told that [you] have never experienced that kind
of society which [our] ancestors knew as the American Republic . . ."
Flynn, the editor of the popular weekly the Saturday Evening Post, had
already come to the conclusion in 1955. In his book, The Decline of the
American Republic, Flynn observed that Americans needlessly "live in the
war-torn, debt-ridden, tax-harried wreckage of a once imposing edifice of
the free society which arose out of the American Revolution on the
foundation of the U.S. Constitution."

An empire needs a source of income sufficient to fund its military
campaigns, regulatory regimes, and domestic schemes. It also needs a
strong central authority to direct its ambitious new programs. In one
short 12-month span, a year the writer Frank Chodorov calls the
"Revolution of 1913," the empire got the tools it needed. That year - the
same year European countries abandoned the gold standard in preparation
for World War I - the old Republic ceased to exist.

America's current system of income tax is a twentieth-century invention.
Previous attempts at creating a national tax had failed or had been thrown
out because they violated tenets of the constitution deemed essential by
the founders. In its f irst 100 years, the United States supported its
federal government with a series of what we would call "sin taxes" today,
on whiskey, tobacco, and sugar. By 1817, all internal taxes were abolished
by Congress, leaving only tariffs on imported goods as a means for
supporting the government.

The first income tax that citizens of the young Republic were forced to
endure came about because Congress had been asked to fund the War between
the States. In 1862, a tax on incomes between $600 and $10,000 was
assessed at the rate of 3 percent, and the Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
was created. The war was costing $1.75 million per day. The government
sold off land, borrowed heavily, enacted various fees, and increased
excise taxes, but it simply wasn't enough. The income tax seemed like the
only way to finance the war and service the country's then-staggering $505
million debt. That tax was promoted as a temporary wartime measure.
Temporary it was. In 1872, after servicing the Reconstruction, Congress
yanked the "temporary" tax.

But that was not the end of it. The income tax appealed to empire builders
because it alone offered enough cash to finance the enterprise. But it had
another appeal - to the larceny and envy in the hearts of ordinary
citizens. Following a banking panic in 1893, Senator William Peffer of
Kansas, supported the progressive income tax in this way:

"Wealth is accumulated in New York, and not because those men are more
industrious than we are, not because they are wiser and better, but
because they trade, because they buy and sell, because they deal in usury,
because they reap in what they have never earned, because they take in and
live off what other men earn. . . . The West and the South have made you
people rich."

That sentiment was puffed up by Nebraska's bellicose world improver
William Jennings Bryan, who argued against the "equal taxation"
requirement in the Constitution, in favor of the current progressive one:

"If New York and Massachusetts pay more tax under this law than other
states, it will be because they have more taxable incomes within their
borders. And why should not those sections pay most which enjoy most?"

This logic is simple. People who are more productive should be forced to
pay a bigger share of their common expenses. But this kind of logic had no
place in a free republic where all men were supposedly created equal; if
they were equal they could each carry their own share of the burden of
central government. Under this new regime, men were no longer equal, but
given differing loads to carry based on the whims of elected hacks.

With considerable foresight, one member of the House of Representatives
predicted:

"The imposition of the [income] tax will corrupt the people. It will bring
in its train the spy and the informer. It will necessitate a swarm of
officials with inquisitorial powers. It will be a step toward
centralization.. . . It breaks another canon of taxation in that it is
expensive in its collection and cannot be fairly imposed . . . and,
finally, it is contrary to the traditions and principles of republican
government."

When the tax was again introduced in 1894, a challenge went to the U.S.
Supreme Court. In 1895, even among the cacophony of appeals in Congress to
"soak the rich," the Supreme Court declared the bill unconstitutional in a
5-to-4 ruling.5 In writing the majority opinion, Justice Stephen J. Field
quoted another case to support his conclusion:

"As stated by counsel: 'There is no such thing in the theory of our
national government as unlimited power of taxation in congress. There are
limitations, as he justly observes, of its powers arising out of the
essential nature of all free governments; there are reservations of
individual rights, without which society could not exist, and which are
respected by every government. The right of taxation is subject to these
limitations.'"

But when the winds of empire blew, the old yellowed paper of the U.S.
Constitution went flying. Following The Panic of 1907, President Theodore
Roosevelt sided with a faction in the Democratic Party that wanted to
amend the Constitution to allow a national income tax. In 1909, President
Taft stated that he had "become convinced that a great majority of the
people of this country are in favor of vesting the National Government
with power to levy an income tax."

Of course, politicians are always able and willing to argue that "the
people" want a government to have more power. If the voters see a free
lunch in the deal, they're for it. By 1913, just in time for Wilson's
emergence on the world stage, the Sixteenth Amendment had been ratified by
enough states to put the income tax into law. The Amendment states:

"The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from
whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several states,
and without regard to any census or enumeration."

It wasn't long before Congress exercised its new powers. Wilson even
convened a special session of Congress to rush through the first tax law
under the Sixteenth Amendment, in which earnings above $3,000 were subject
to a 1 percent tax, gradually moving up to 7 percent on higher income
levels.

With its rather modest rates, the original income tax was viewed as a
benign inconvenience. As early as 1916, however, the top rate was more
than doubled from 7 percent up to 15 percent. Then as cash was needed to
send Pershing to France, the rate was hiked to a staggering 67 percent in
1917 and 77 percent by 1918. Even the low rates were raised. From their
microscopic origin of only 1 percent, the rate settled into a "modest"
percent by the end of World War II. But by that time, the people of the
old republic had grown to accept an income tax as a necessary evil. Now
that the nation was an empire, it needed the money.

In our present era, the complexity of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) has
created an army of specialized lawyers and accountants. Even attempts at
reform are out of control. A "technical corrections" bill exceeds 900
pages of adjustments. In fact, by the beginning of the twenty first
century, the tax codes exceeded 7 million words, about nine times longer
than the Bible; and the IRS was sending out about 8 billion pages of forms
and instructions every year - at the cost of about 300,000 trees! All this
effort translates to about 5.4 billion hours spent every year by Americans
just complying with the tax rules.

From 1913 to 2005, the income tax has enabled, entitled, empowered, and
engorged the federal government, states, and local governments, private
enterprises, and millions of private citizens. Spending has grown by more
than 13,592 percent.

The income tax gives the federal government a blank check to spend money,
even money it does not yet have. The federal government lays a claim on
all future economic activity of its citizens; its massive debts are a lien
on the earnings of people who have not yet even drawn their first breaths.
What's more, the income tax could be used as both an economic tool and as
a political weapon. Taxes rates could be manipulated, for example, to
punish or reward favored political groups.

When the Constitution was ratified in 1789, the colonists in the New World
believed they had won for themselves a measure of freedom and
independence.

"A republic, if you can keep it," Benjamin Franklin warned.

By the end of 1913, a scant 124 years later, an empire was what the people
wanted.

Addison Wiggin
The Daily Reckoning
Я хотел бы жить в Америке 18-19-ого века. Эта была настоящая эра свободы. Сегодняшная Америка это итог этих веков а не результат нынешной системы. Сегодняшная Америка это воплощение в жизнь антиутопии Оруела и Рея Бредбери

Last edited by Mono; 05.10.2006 at 19:24.
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Old 05.10.2006, 19:19   #2
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Обратите внимание на тот факт что ввод подоходного налога совпал с созданием частного центробанка в США

Раньше США не имела внутренного госдолга. Начиная с 1930-ых годов рост внутренного долга поощрялся а в 1970-80-ые рост долга принял экспоненциальный характер. Проценты от этого долга платятся именно благодаря подоходному налогу. А кому идут проценты от Т-биллов думаю сами поймете ....
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Old 06.10.2006, 03:50   #3
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Sa ko x-erord (x is increasing) pordzn e nerkayatsnel American kam Evropan (Arevmutk@) gorsh guynnerov.

Norits, Amerikayum u Evropayum iharke kan vat baner, bayts indz tvum ays haykakan forumin galatsoghnerin aveli khetakrkrer Hayastani vat baner@ (voronk hamematats Amerikayi het anhamemateli shat en , exponential tarberutyamb) u drants dem paykar@...

Hayastan@ shat u shat heru e Amerikayi orinakanutyann u, azatutyunnerin hasnelun u da piti vor huzi ays forumin.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Mono View Post
... Проценты от этого долга платятся именно благодаря подоходному налогу. А кому идут проценты от Т-биллов думаю сами поймете ....
Ayd T-billeri mi mets mas@ gnum e ankaroghnerin u kich ekamut unetsognerin (low income) apahovelu hamar (social security)...

Minchder Hayastanum "taxer@" gnum en arandzin mardkants jeb@... Sa e vor piti huzi ays forumin...
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Old 06.10.2006, 07:28   #4
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ttt-imast chuni Mono i het ed temayov vichel.

Amerikan korcanveluya, Turqian korcanveluya, hay hzor, mec, paycar azg' harateveluya kaysrutyunneri moxirneri vra u pareluya Mshecineri par'
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Old 08.10.2006, 14:22   #5
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Quote:
Sa ko x-erord (x is increasing) pordzn e nerkayatsnel American kam Evropan (Arevmutk@) gorsh guynnerov.

Norits, Amerikayum u Evropayum iharke kan vat baner,
ttt
Yete du gorsh guyn es hamarum "income tax" askacoghutyune apa da shat hetakrkir e iharke. Yete parz chi apa parzabanem.
Ays hodvatzum asvum e vor Yekamtahark haskacoghutyune Amerikayum goyutyun chi unecel minchev 1913 tvakane. Aysinkn ayn jamanakva azatatench amerikacineri hamar yekamtaharke yeghel e anardar u bacardzakapes anenduneli ban. Bayc petutyan koghmic partadrvel e end vorum sahmanadrutyune xaxtelov.


Quote:
bayts indz tvum ays haykakan forumin galatsoghnerin aveli khetakrkrer Hayastani vat baner@
Hayastanum nuyn vat baneri sharqic e bardzr yekamtaharke u kartjajamket petakan partatomsere voronk mi or ays petutyane kkangnecnen finansakan kraxi aradj. Aynpes vor inch vor aystegh grvatz e nayev verabervum e Hayastanin.


Quote:
Hayastan@ shat u shat heru e Amerikayi orinakanutyann u, azatutyunnerin hasnelun u da piti vor huzi ays forumin.
Te inchkanov e azat marde vori yekamti 30-40% karogh e harkvel kam vori sepakanutyane chi karogh hasnel amboghdjutyamb ( yete harker chi vtjarum ) ir sepakan jarangnerin da arden urish harc e. Isk orinakanutyan masin inch asem. Bolor totalitar yerknerum el tirum orinapahutyun u orinakanutyun.


Quote:
Ayd T-billeri mi mets mas@ gnum e ankaroghnerin u kich ekamut unetsognerin (low income) apahovelu hamar (social security)...
Aranc T-billeri hnaravor cher nuyne anel? Yev i verdjo mi or petk e ayd T-billeri hamar vtjarel. Ov petk e vtjari? Parz chi vor harkere aveli en bardzracnelu vorpeszi vtjaren ayd billeri u nranc tokosneri hamar.
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Old 08.10.2006, 17:14   #6
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Es income tax-@ gorsh erevuyt chem hamarum, bayts ANM-i taxayin hamakarg@ (ev kardalov ko nakhkinum gratsner@ hamarya amen inch AMN-i kam Evropayi masin) du nerkayatsrel eir gorsh gujmerov...

Es tax-i expert chem, bayts shpvelov mardkants het karogh em havastiatsnel, vor 35 - 40 % income tax karogh en vcharel miayn nrank ovker haryur hazaravor kam milionavor dolarneri ekamut unen. Midzin khavi hamar (midzin ekamutuv) ayd tokos@ shat u shat aveli kich e., isk low-income @ntanikner@ naev tax-i credit kam tax-return het en stanum amen tarva vrdzin (vor@ karogh e hasne mi kani hazarneri.)

Tax chvasharel@ hantsagortsutyun e u petk e normal hamarel pataskhanatvutyun@ taxi vcharumits khusapelu hamar(es khosum em AMN-i masin, voch te Hayastani, vortegh da normal erevuyt e, aysinkn dra pokharen kashark en vcharum hamapatasskhan chinovniknerin.)

Quote:
Originally Posted by Mono View Post
Bolor totalitar yerknerum el tirum orinapahutyun u orinakanutyun.
Absurd artahaytutyun- du hamarum es AMN-n totalitar ?????
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Old 08.10.2006, 19:03   #7
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Quote:
Es income tax-@ gorsh erevuyt chem hamarum, bayts ANM-i taxayin hamakarg@ (ev kardalov ko nakhkinum gratsner@ hamarya amen inch AMN-i kam Evropayi masin) du nerkayatsrel eir gorsh gujmerov...
Yes em asum, te Amerikayi Geraguyn Datarane? Vore 1895 tvin asel e vor income taxe HAKASAHMANADRAKAN E.
Hakasum e ayn sahmanadrutyane vorov partzenum en bolor Amerikacinere u ashxarhi bolor demokratnere

Quote:
When the tax was again introduced in 1894, a challenge went to the U.S.
Supreme Court. In 1895, even among the cacophony of appeals in Congress to
"soak the rich," the Supreme Court declared the bill unconstitutional in a
5-to-4 ruling.5 In writing the majority opinion, Justice Stephen J. Field
quoted another case to support his conclusion:

"As stated by counsel: 'There is no such thing in the theory of our
national government as unlimited power of taxation in congress. There are
limitations, as he justly observes, of its powers arising out of the
essential nature of all free governments; there are reservations of
individual rights, without which society could not exist, and which are
respected by every government. The right of taxation is subject to these
limitations.'"
Quote:
Es tax-i expert chem, bayts shpvelov mardkants het karogh em havastiatsnel, vor 35 - 40 % income tax karogh en vcharel miayn nrank ovker haryur hazaravor kam milionavor dolarneri ekamut unen. Midzin khavi hamar (midzin ekamutuv) ayd tokos@ shat u shat aveli kich e., isk low-income @ntanikner@ naev tax-i credit kam tax-return het en stanum amen tarva vrdzin (vor@ karogh e hasne mi kani hazarneri.)
Tax return stanum en nayev harustnere kaxvatz tax rate popoxutyunic. Bayc da cher harci eutyune. Harci eutyune ayn e vor azat hasarakutyan hamar inchpisin er Amerikan 19-rd darum income taxe anenduneli yerevuyt er.



Quote:
Absurd artahaytutyun- du hamarum es AMN-n totalitar ?????
Totalitar en bolor ayn petutyunnere voronq irenc joghovrdi kamqin hakarak baner en anum.
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Old 09.10.2006, 04:21   #8
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19-rd darum da karogh er hamarvel inch vor kuzein, da iharke indz u shat amerikatsineri chi el hetakrkrum. Pastn ayn e vor taxayin hamakarg@ ir bolor problemnerov handerz gortsum e u harstatsnum erkir@, voch te Hayastani pes vortegh ayn harstatsnum e mi kani tagavorikneri.

Es i nkati unei vor ko bertas 35 - 40 % irakanutyunits shat heru e...

Inch veraberum e totalitarutyan@ apa iharke absurd erevakayutyan ardyunk e AMN-n aydpisin hamarel@. Ashkhari bazmativ erkrneri bnakichner kerazein (ayd tvum Hayastani) AMN-i pes azatakan erkir linel.
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Old 09.10.2006, 07:53   #9
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Mono ushadir karda

Ka uxxaki u anuxxaki harker, Ushadir yexir. Ed bazanum patahakan chi arvac. Yekatmahark, Shahutahark dranq uxxaki harkeri orinakner en, Akcizayin hark, avelacvac arzeqi hark anuxxaki harkeri orinakner en

Uxxaki harkeri barcracmamb tntesvarox obyekt' chi tuzum qanzi AMN i nman petutyunnerum ed harkern i verjo caxsvum en sovorakan mardkanc vra (vostikanutyun, banter, apahovagrakan hamakargeri apahovagrman mexanizmner, FDIC hamakarg bankayin hamakargi kraxneric sovorakan andzanc prkelu hamar yev ayln, ), ushadir yexir, anuxxaki harkeri barcracmamb tuzum e.

Vorqan tntesutyun zarganum e barekams aynqan anhrazeshutyun e arajanum uxxaki harker mecacnelu NORMAL petutyunnerum, qanzi zarganum en nayev tarber carayutyunner yev petutyun noranor mexanizmner e mshankum ayd carayutyunner apahovagrelu, pashtpanelu, kanonakargelu, ay dra hamar el avelacnum en harker'.

Mono du iharke kzarmanas bayc 55 hazar YEVRO arzecox asenq BMW maknishi meqenayic MAQUR SHAHUYT e handisanum 120 YEVRON. hima haskanum es? Bayc hamakargn ashxatum e barekams. chi korcanvel u hayer mshecineri par chen parum der irenc neandeltalcu kacinov u prchot mazapnjov votqeri aranqum.

yete nuynisk uxxaki harker hark hascven 99.99999999999 tokosi BMW i mek meqenayic shahuyt kdarna asenq 0.0001 CENT bayc eli hamakarg kashxati

MI porcir virtual korcanel ayn inch ir bnakan zargacmamb u sharzumov hasel e estex.

Aysinqn kopit asac yete du qo shahutaharki 90 % el vchares petutyan QO GORC dranic chi tuzi aynqan vorqan ktuzi yete du 1 % ov avel avelacvac arzeqi hark vchares.

Ndahnrapes Mono tntesagitutyunic vicheluc araj nax yexir tntesaget ...
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