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Old 11.12.2004, 08:22   #1
the happiest girl
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Default money is the root of all good

The following is an excerpt from Atlas Shrugged, © Copyright, 1957, by Ayn
Rand. It is reprinted with permission from the Estate of Ayn Rand.

"So you think that money is the root of all evil?" said Francisco d'Anconia.
"Have you ever asked what is the root of money? Money is a tool of exchange,
which can't exist unless there are goods produced and men able to produce
them. Money is the material shape of the principle that men who wish to deal
with one another must deal by trade and give value for value. Money is not
the tool of the moochers, who claim your product by tears, or of the
looters, who take it from you by force. Money is made possible only by the
men who produce. Is this what you consider evil?

"When you accept money in payment for your effort, you do so only on the
conviction that you will exchange it for the product of the effort of
others. It is not the moochers or the looters who give value to money. Not
an ocean of tears not all the guns in the world can transform those pieces
of paper in your wallet into the bread you will need to survive tomorrow.
Those pieces of paper, which should have been gold, are a token of
honor-your claim upon the energy of the men who produce. Your wallet is your
statement of hope that somewhere in the world around you there are men who
will not default on that moral principle which is the root of money, Is this
what you consider evil?

"Have you ever looked for the root of production? Take a look at an electric
generator and dare tell yourself that it was created by the muscular effort
of unthinking brutes. Try to grow a seed of wheat without the knowledge left
to you by men who had to discover it for the first time. Try to obtain your
food by means of nothing but physical motions-and you'll learn that man's
mind is the root of all the goods produced and of all the wealth that has
ever existed on earth.

"But you say that money is made by the strong at the expense of the weak?
What strength do you mean? It is not the strength of guns or muscles. Wealth
is the product of man's capacity to think. Then is money made by the man who
invents a motor at the expense of those who did not invent it? Is money made
by the intelligent at the expense of the fools? By the able at the expense
of the incompetent? By the ambitious at the expense of the lazy? Money is
made-before it can be looted or mooched-made by the effort of every honest
man, each to the extent of his ability. An honest man is one who knows that
he can't consume more than he has produced.'

"To trade by means of money is the code of the men of good will. Money rests
on the axiom that every man is the owner of his mind and his effort. Money
allows no power to prescribe the value of your effort except the voluntary
choice of the man who is willing to trade you his effort in return. Money
permits you to obtain for your goods and your labor that which they are
worth to the men who buy them, but no more. Money permits no deals except
those to mutual benefit by the unforced judgment of the traders. Money
demands of you the recognition that men must work for their own benefit, not
for their own injury, for their gain, not their loss-the recognition that
they are not beasts of burden, born to carry the weight of your misery-that
you must offer them values, not wounds-that the common bond among men is not
the exchange of suffering, but the exchange of goods. Money demands that you
sell, not your weakness to men's stupidity, but your talent to their reason;
it demands that you buy, not the shoddiest they offer, but the best that
your money can find. And when men live by trade-with reason, not force, as
their final arbiter-it is the best product that wins, the best performance,
the man of best judgment and highest ability-and the degree of a man's
productiveness is the degree of his reward. This is the code of existence
whose tool and symbol is money. Is this what you consider evil?

"But money is only a tool. It will take you wherever you wish, but it will
not replace you as the driver. It will give you the means for the
satisfaction of your desires, but it will not provide you with desires.
Money is the scourge of the men who attempt to reverse the law of
causality-the men who seek to replace the mind by seizing the products of
the mind.

"Money will not purchase happiness for the man who has no concept of what he
wants: money will not give him a code of values, if he's evaded the
knowledge of what to value, and it will not provide him with a purpose, if
he's evaded the choice of what to seek. Money will not buy intelligence for
the fool, or admiration for the coward, or respect for the incompetent. The
man who attempts to purchase the brains of his superiors to serve him, with
his money replacing his judgment, ends up by becoming the victim of his
inferiors. The men of intelligence desert him, but the cheats and the frauds
come flocking to him, drawn by a law which he has not discovered: that no
man may be smaller than his money. Is this the reason why you call it evil?

"Only the man who does not need it, is fit to inherit wealth-the man who
would make his own fortune no matter where he started. If an heir is equal
to his money, it serves him; if not, it destroys him. But you look on and
you cry that money corrupted him. Did it? Or did he corrupt his money? Do
not envy a worthless heir; his wealth is not yours and you would have done
no better with it. Do not think that it should have been distributed among
you; loading the world with fifty parasites instead of one, would not bring
back the dead virtue which was the fortune. Money is a living power that
dies without its root. Money will not serve the mind that cannot match it.
Is this the reason why you call it evil?

"Money is your means of survival. The verdict you pronounce upon the source
of your livelihood is the verdict you pronounce upon your life. If the
source is corrupt, you have damned your own existence. Did you get your
money by fraud? By pandering to men's vices or men's stupidity? By catering
to fools, in the hope of getting more than your ability deserves? By
lowering your standards? By doing work you despise for purchasers you scorn?
If so, then your money will not give you a moment's or a penny's worth of
joy. Then all the things you buy will become, not a tribute to you, but a
reproach; not an achievement, but a reminder of shame. Then you'll scream
that money is evil. Evil, because it would not pinch-hit for your
self-respect? Evil, because it would not let you enjoy your depravity? Is
this the root of your hatred of money?

"Money will always remain an effect and refuse to replace you as the cause.
Money is the product of virtue, but it will not give you virtue and it will
not redeem your vices. Money will not give you the unearned, neither in
matter nor in spirit. Is this the root of your hatred of money?

"Or did you say it's the love of money that's the root of all evil? To love
a thing is to know and love its nature. To love money is to know and love
the fact that money is the creation of the best power within you, and your
passkey to trade your effort for the effort of the best among men. It's the
person who would sell his soul for a nickel, who is loudest in proclaiming
his hatred of money-and he has good reason to hate it. The lovers of money
are willing to work for it. They know they are able to deserve it.

"Let me give you a tip on a clue to men's characters: the man who damns
money has obtained it dishonorably; the man who respects it has earned it.

"Run for your life from any man who tells you that money is evil. That
sentence is the leper's bell of an approaching looter. So long as men live
together on earth and need means to deal with one another-their only
substitute, if they abandon money, is the muzzle of a gun.

"But money demands of you the highest virtues, if you wish to make it or to
keep it. Men who have no courage, pride or self-esteem, men who have no
moral sense of their right to their money and are not willing to defend it
as they defend their life, men who apologize for being rich-will not remain
rich for long. They are the natural bait for the swarms of looters that stay
under rocks for centuries, but come crawling out at the first smell of a man
who begs to be forgiven for the guilt of owning wealth. They will hasten to
relieve him of the guilt-and of his life, as he deserves.

"Then you will see the rise of the men of the double standard-the men who
live by force, yet count on those who live by trade to create the value of
their looted money-the men who are the hitchhikers of virtue. In a moral
society, these are the criminals, and the statutes are written to protect
you against them. But when a society establishes criminals-by-right and
looters-by-law-men who use force to seize the wealth of disarmed
victims-then money becomes its creators' avenger. Such looters believe it
safe to rob defenseless men, once they've passed a law to disarm them. But
their loot becomes the magnet for other looters, who get it from them as
they got it. Then the race goes, not to the ablest at production, but to
those most ruthless at brutality. When force is the standard, the murderer
wins over the pickpocket. And then that society vanishes, in a spread of
ruins and slaughter.

"Do you wish to know whether that day is coming? Watch money. Money is the
barometer of a society's virtue. When you see that trading is done, not by
consent, but by compulsion-when you see that in order to produce, you need
to obtain permission from men who produce nothing-when you see that money is
flowing to those who deal, not in goods, but in favors-when you see that men
get richer by graft and by pull than by work, and your laws don't protect
you against them, but protect them against you-when you see corruption being
rewarded and honesty becoming a self-sacrifice-you may know that your
society is doomed. Money is so noble a medium that is does not compete with
guns and it does not make terms with brutality. It will not permit a country
to survive as half-property, half-loot.

"Whenever destroyers appear among men, they start by destroying money, for
money is men's protection and the base of a moral existence. Destroyers
seize gold and leave to its owners a counterfeit pile of paper. This kills
all objective standards and delivers men into the arbitrary power of an
arbitrary setter of values. Gold was an objective value, an equivalent of
wealth produced. Paper is a mortgage on wealth that does not exist, backed
by a gun aimed at those who are expected to produce it. Paper is a check
drawn by legal looters upon an account which is not theirs: upon the virtue
of the victims. Watch for the day when it bounces, marked, 'Account

"When you have made evil the means of survival, do not expect men to remain
good. Do not expect them to stay moral and lose their lives for the purpose
of becoming the fodder of the immoral. Do not expect them to produce, when
production is punished and looting rewarded. Do not ask, 'Who is destroying
the world? You are.

"You stand in the midst of the greatest achievements of the greatest
productive civilization and you wonder why it's crumbling around you, while
you're damning its life-blood-money. You look upon money as the savages did
before you, and you wonder why the jungle is creeping back to the edge of
your cities. Throughout men's history, money was always seized by looters of
one brand or another, whose names changed, but whose method remained the
same: to seize wealth by force and to keep the producers bound, demeaned,
defamed, deprived of honor. That phrase about the evil of money, which you
mouth with such righteous recklessness, comes from a time when wealth was
produced by the labor of slaves-slaves who repeated the motions once
discovered by somebody's mind and left unimproved for centuries. So long as
production was ruled by force, and wealth was obtained by conquest, there
was little to conquer, Yet through all the centuries of stagnation and
starvation, men exalted the looters, as aristocrats of the sword, as
aristocrats of birth, as aristocrats of the bureau, and despised the
producers, as slaves, as traders, as shopkeepers-as industrialists.

"To the glory of mankind, there was, for the first and only time in history,
a country of money-and I have no higher, more reverent tribute to pay to
America, for this means: a country of reason, justice, freedom, production,
achievement. For the first time, man's mind and money were set free, and
there were no fortunes-by-conquest, but only fortunes-by-work, and instead
of swordsmen and slaves, there appeared the real maker of wealth, the
greatest worker, the highest type of human being-the self-made man-the
American industrialist.

"If you ask me to name the proudest distinction of Americans, I would
choose-because it contains all the others-the fact that they were the people
who created the phrase 'to make money.' No other language or nation had ever
used these words before; men had always thought of wealth as a static
quantity-to be seized, begged, inherited, shared, looted of obtained as a
favor. Americans were the first to understand that wealth has to be created.
The words 'to make money' hold the essence of human morality.

"Yet these were the words for which Americans were denounced by the rotted
cultures of the looters' continents. Now the looters' credo has brought you
to regard your proudest achievements as a hallmark of shame, your prosperity
as guilt, your greatest men, the industrialists, as blackguards, and your
magnificent factories as the product and property of muscular labor, the
labor of whip-driven slaves, like the pyramids of Egypt. The rotter who
simpers that he sees no difference between the power of the dollar and the
power of the whip, ought to learn the difference on his own hide- as, I
think, he will.

"Until and unless you discover that money is the root of all good, you ask
for your own destruction. When money ceases to be the tool by which men deal
with one another, then men become the tools of men. Blood, whips and guns-or
dollars. Take your choice-there is no other-and your time is running out."
So much good, so much evil. Just add water. (c)
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